The Relationship between Work Motivation, Burnout and Intention to Leave for the Middle Level Managers of Garment Industry (A Case Study of Indian Garment Industry)

Seema Qureshi


Middle level managers are expected to play a critical role in translating organizational policies and strategies into practice and action. They have an important role in providing information/input to strategy formulation, and in motivating and energizing employees at lower levels but studies in some large Indian organization in both the public and the private sector show that these managers themselves feel like “victims” and experience a sense of powerlessness in their organizations; they are the ones who express the most negative emotions about any organizational change effort; they feel a sense of stagnation in terms of real personal and professional growth in spite of receiving promotions at fairly predictable intervals; they assume a ‘spectator’ rather than an ‘actor’ stance in the organization; and they do not see themselves as a part of the “real” management. As a result, the middle and senior management performance remains far below the potential. Taking into consideration the importance of middle managers in the organization and a critical review of literature which revealed that the study on work motivation, burnout and intention to leave has not been conducted so far on the middle level managers of garment industry of Delhi and NCR (India), the researcher found a gap to be filled by conducting an investigation on this sample for the variables in question. So the sample of the present study consists of the middle level managers of garment industry of Delhi and NCR (India).

Thus, a convenient sampling method was used for drawing the sample from 60 garment export houses of Delhi and 40 of NCR (India).

This paper gives a deep insight of work motivation, burnout and intention to leave for the middle level managers of the garment industry of Delhi/NCR (India). In this paper the researcher has checked the relationship of all dimensions of work motivation with the dimensions of burnout and intention to leave and have observed that all dimensions of work motivation have some more or less relationship with each dimension of burnout and intention to leave.

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