Oral Grammatical Errors of Arabic as Second Language (ASL) Learners: An Applied Linguistic Approach

Sadeq Ali Saad Al-Yaari, Fayza Saleh Al Hammadi, Salah Ayied Alyami

Abstract


Background: When we further take Arabic grammatical issues into account in accordance with applied linguistic investigations on Arabic as Second Language (ASL) learners, a fundamental issue arises at this point as to the production of speech in Arabic: Oral grammatical errors committed by ASL learners.

Aims: Using manual rating as well as computational analytic methodology to test a corpus of recorded speech by Second Language (ASL) learners of Arabic, this study aims to find the areas of difficulties in learning Arabic grammar. More specifically, it examines how and why ASL learners make grammatical errors in their oral speech.

Methods: Tape recordings of four (4) Arabic as Second Language (ASL) learners who ranged in age from 23 to 30 were naturally collected. All participants have completed an intensive Arabic program (two years) and 20 minute-speech was recorded for each participant. Having the collected corpus, the next procedure was to rate them against Arabic standard grammar. Rating includes four processes: Description, analysis and assessment.

Conclusions: Outcomes made from the issues addressed in this paper can be summarized in the fact that ASL learners face many grammatical difficulties when studying Arabic word order, tenses and aspects, function words, subject-verb agreement, verb form, active-passive voice, global and local errors,  processes-based errors including addition, omission, substitution or a combination of any of them.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijele.v1i2.3060

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