Types of Predicate-Subject Constructions in Indonesian

Wagiati Wagiati, Dadang Suganda, Bambang Kaswanti Purwo, Wahya Wahya

Abstract


In Indonesian sentences, the subject typically precedes the predicate. However, there are certain structures where the subject occurs after the predicate. Thus, Indonesian sentences can follow subject-predicate and predicate-subject constructions. Based on the data analyzed, there are several types of predicate-subject constructions in Indonesia. They are: (1) interrogative construction, (2) imperative construction, (3) exclamatory construction, and (4) declarative construction. Based on the types of words occurring as predicate, the declarative construction is categorized again into (1) declarative construction with a noun phrase predicate, (2) declarative construction with a numeral-phrase predicate, (3) declarative construction with an adjective-phrase predicate, and (4) declarative construction with a verb phrase predicate.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v5i5.4453

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