Applying DEA in Analysing the Efficiency of Top Manufacturing Companies in Pakistan
The efficiency of manufacturing companies is one of the critical elements for its competitiveness in the domestic as well as international markets. Previous research on efficiency measurement usually adopts Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. Therefore this paper is aimed to analyse the efficiency of 14 top manufacturing companies in Pakistan for a five year period from 2006 to 2010. Data of top 14 manufacturing companies are gathered from OSIRIS database. DEA method is applied using both the Constant Returns to Scale (CCR) and Variable Returns to Scale (BCC) models to find the overall efficiency, technical efficiency and scale efficiency. In this paper we use two input variables (total expenses and total assets) and two output variables (sales and profit before tax). The results under CCR method show that only one company is considered technically efficient while the average overall technical efficiency varies from 0.64 to 0.99. Company number 5 (NRL) demonstrates the best performance for all years under study.
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