Investigation and Analysis on Electromagnetic Radiation from Cellular Base Station Transmitters and the Implications to Human Body

Opara K. Felix, Adigwe U. Gabriel, Agbaraji C. Emmanuel


Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) is a form of energy emitted and absorbed by charged particles which can be harmful to human body depending upon the radiated power density and the distance from the transmitter. This paper investigates the implications of EMR from the mobile cellular Base Station (BS) transmitter to the body. A cellular mobile network analyzer which can measure power density of a cellular mobile signal was used to measure the received power density from the BS transmitter in two scenarios: along the express road and residential/commercial area. The radiated power absorbed was calculated to be 348.94nW/cm2 at 210m distance from transmitter and higher as moved closer to the transmitter. It was concluded from the results that the power density measured within 300m distance from BS transmitters is of higher and negative health concern. We therefore recommend that the government should develop a strict policy to ensure that the power density radiated is reduced generally and BS transmitters should be located from 300m to 500m distance from human residence.

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