Southeast Maluku, particularly the North East District of Kei Besar has a concept of management of natural resources including coral reefs based on local wisdom. This study aims to analyze: 1) the existing condition of coral reef resources, 2) social, economic,and cultural aspect, 3) the legal and institutional aspects. Primary data collection techniques of coral reef data are the using line transect method (line intercept transect). Mean while the secondary data collection is conducted through in-depth interviews using a structured instrument and direct semi participatory observation. The results of the study showed that there are 94 species of coral, there are Acroporidae (29 species), Faviidae (20 species) and Poritidae (10 species). Approximately 46.08 % of the coral species inhabit the coral reefs of the North East District of the Kei Besar. Coral species, commonly found are palifera Acropora, A. tenuis, A. ctyherea, A. clathrata, A. humilis, A. Millepora, A. dendrum, Favia pallida, Favites abdita, Giniastrea pectinata, Platygyra pini, Porites lutea, Porites stephensoni, Solida Porites, Millepora intricata and Heliopora caerulea. Resource conditions in the North East District of the Kei Besar has experienced a decline whether the coral reef ecosystem, which is caused by an increasing population, increasing the need of the people have an impact on increasing the utilization both legally and illegally.
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