The Indonesian forestry in economic, ecosystem and legal perspectives

Dr. Wahyu Wiriadinata

Abstract


Forest and forestry are strategic factors, because the forest existence in Indonesia as the world lung and it can maintain ecosystem equilibrium. A destruction in Indonesian’s forest can also affect and result in destruction in living environment.

The forestry of Indonesia is in fact, especially in Borneo region has largely reduced and destructed. Its biological heterogenity has substantially been eliminated, too. This instance is, among other, caused by people’s shifting cultivation, illegal cuttings by local peoples, illegal cutting and logging by the Forest Managing Rights  and its slash and burn. 

This article is written from literature research findings presented in analytical descriptive form. The objective of this article presentation is to provide an illustration and true condition about the Indonesian’s forest as an important strategic factor, where the forest itself and forestry has valuable role and serve as medium for maintaining the ecosystem equilibrium and preserve the world environmental life, especially in Indonesia itself and the most important objective of this research may be contribute a valuable benefit for entire scientific world and especially for the science of law.

For preventing of the continuous forestry destruction and its recovery, it is important to make protective steps through legal instruments by appropriate and fair sanction enforcement, pursuant to the 41 Act of 1999 about Forestry, formulation of legal offense and the forestry criminal acts contained in Article 50. The heaviest sanction is 15 years in jail punishment and its highest fine is Rp. 10 billions and rehabilitation by reforestration. 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v4i1.5450

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