The Leadership Challenge in Sudan: The Dynamics of Sustainable Failure

Bakry Elmedni


This is a theoretical contribution to the historic transformation from traditional type of leadership to modern leadership. In traditional forms of leadership, tribal and sectarian politics are the means through which one can rise to leadership position. In modern leadership forms, knowledge, expertise and education create authority and people can become leaders because of competence and knowledge. The paper is an attempt to partially explain why the latter form of leadership failed and continue to fail in Sudan as well as in other developing nations.

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Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

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