The Effect of Australia’s Declining Fertility Rate 1978-2016

Ejiro U. Osiobe


The paper presents an analytic framework that describes how the declining fertility rate of Australia between 1978 - 2016 has affected its economy. Issues related to population have long been the subject of debate in the industrialized countries like the United States and European nations following the shift in their population structure. The awareness of the declining fertility rate in Australia remains a concern to the Australian government as the new trend will reshape the country’s demographic pattern. This paper seeks to examine the fertility rate of Australia and how it has affected GDP per capita. The study uses the simple ordinary least squares (OLS) methodology to analyze this effect. Our result showed an inverse relationship between fertility rate in Australia and per capita income.

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