Local Government Capacity on E-Participation in Tanzania

Stella Malangalila Kinemo


Rapid development of information has made governments to employ e-participation by using ICT tools for the purpose of involving citizens in government policy issues. The purpose of this study was to examine e-participation tools and local government capacity on e-participation with reference to technical, financial and human resource in Tanzania. The study employed descriptive statistics whereby qualitative and quantitative approaches were applied. The data collection methods used were questionnaire and in depth interviews. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics while qualitative data was analysed using content analysis. The study findings revealed that the municipality does not have adequate technical and financial capacity for e-participation. The findings also revealed that websites and emails were the only e-participation tools used by the municipality. To improve capacity of Kinondoni Municipality in e-participation it is recommended that more funds should be injected to ICT infrastructures and that staff should be recruited and trained for ICT use.

Full Text:



Abu Shanab, E., & Al-Dalou, R. (2012). E- participation levels and technologies. The 6th International Conference on Information Technology. (ICIT 2013), At: Amman, Jordan.

Albrecht, S., Kohlrausch, N., Kubicek, H., Lippa, B., Märker, O., Trénel, M., & Wiedwald, C. (2008). E-participation-electronic participation of citizens and the business community in eGovernment. Study on Behalf of the Federal Ministry of the Interior (Germany), Division IT, 1(1).

Barney, J. (2001). Is the Resource-Based “View” a useful perspective for strategic management research? Academy of Management Review, 26(1), 41-56. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2001.4011938

Colbert, B. A. (2004). The complex resource-based View: Implications for theory and practice in strategic human resource management. Academy of Management Review, 29, 341-358. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2004.13670987

Donnell, O., Boyle, R., & Timonen, V. (2003). Transformational aspects of e-Government in Ireland: issues to be addressed. Electronic Journal of E-Government, 1(1), 23-32.

Glassey, O. (2010). A survey on participation at Geneva's constituent assembly. Lecture Notes In Computer Science, 6229, 151-161. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-15158-3_13

Hart, S. L. (1995). A natural-resource-based view of the firm. Academy of Management Review, 20, 986-1014. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1995.9512280033

Kim, H. J., & Bretschneider, S. (2004). Local government information technology capacity: An exploratory theory. In System Sciences, 2004. Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on (p. 10-pp). IEEE.

Krishna, S., & Madon, S. (2003). The Digital Challenge: Information Technology in the Development Context.(1st edition). Ashgate Publishing Limited, Hampshire.

Kyere, F., & Kumah Gyamea, N. Y. (2017). The imperative of e - participation in sustainable community development in Ghana. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 7(4), 211-223. https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v7i4.12197

Macintosh, A. (2008). Founations of digital government and public policy. E-democracy and e-participation research in Europe. Springer, Boston, MA. (Chapter 5). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-71611-4_5

Macintosh, A., & Whyte, A. (2008). Towards an evaluation framework for e-participation. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 2(1), 16-30. https://doi.org/10.1108/17506160810862928

Okioga, C. K. (2012). Strategies which are key to the success of the corporate institution in Kenya: A case of selected corporate institutions in Kenya. European Journal of Business and Management, 4(15), 31-43.

Phang, C. W., & Kankanhalli, A. (2008). A framework of ICT exploitation for e-participation initiatives. Communications of the ACM, 51(12), 128-132. https://doi.org/10.1145/1409360.1409385

Reddick, C., & Norris, F. D. (2013). E-participation in local governments: An examination of political-managerial support and impacts. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 7(4), 453-476. https://doi.org/10.1108/TG-02-2013-0008

Sæbø, Ø., Rose, J., & Skiftenes Flak, L. (2008). The shape of eParticipation: Characterizing an emerging research area. Government Information Quarterly, 25(3), 400-428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2007.04.007

Singh, H., & Mahmood, R. (2014). Manufacturing strategy and export performance of small and medium enterprises in Malaysia: Moderating role of external environment. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 3(5), 37-52.

Sobaci, Z. (2010). What the Turkish parliamentary web site offers to citizens in terms of e-participation: A content analysis. Information Polity. The International Journal of Government & Democracy in the Information Age, 15(3), 227-241. https://doi.org/10.3233/IP-2010-0209

Talukder, M. (2012). Factors affecting the adoption of technological innovation by individual employees: An Australian study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 40, 52-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.03.160

White, C. S. (1997). Citizen participation and the Internet: Prospects for civic deliberation in the information age. The Social Studies, 88(1), 23-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/00377999709603741

Zheng, Y. (2015). Explaining government performance on e-participation in New Jersey: Government capacity and willingness. A Dissertation Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Public Administration of Rutgers University-Graduate School-Newark.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v9i4.16126

Copyright (c) 2019 Stella Malangalila Kinemo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Email: jpag@macrothink.org

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.