Validation of Work-Life Balance Instrument for Technical and Vocational Education Teachers

Putri Asnorsalbiah Ahmad, Normala Ismail, Siti Salina Mustakim, Seyedali Ahrari


In terms of job scope and workload, being a Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) teacher is more challenging than other teachers. Therefore, this study aims to gain empirical data on the validity of the Work-Life Balance (WLB) Instrument for TVE teachers. An online survey was conducted in secondary schools in two federal territories of Malaysia which is Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya (N=210). Data was collected using the Tailored Design Method with five contacts. The overall response rate was 61.4% (n = 129). The instrument is a 5-Likert-scale survey consisted 14 items. Factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha were used to evaluate the WLB Instrument for TVE instructors' reliability and validity using the SPSS software version 26. The instrument's two factors, which together accounted for 68.2% of the total variance, were demonstrated by the results. For reliability, the first factor had a coefficient of .940 and the second factor had a coefficient of .397. The findings suggested a more in-depth study in determining the factors of the WLB specifically for TVE teachers.

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Copyright (c) 2022 Putri Asnorsalbiah Ahmad, Normala Ismail

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Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


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