Evolutional Dynamism and Theoretical Model of Environmental and Operational Transformation in Vending Machine Retailing In USA and Japan

Hideki Takei


Researchers have studied and discussed about the vending machine retailing by comparing marketing strategies, technological development and perspectives, location and merchandizing strategies, and cultural differences in consumer behaviors.  These studies have contributed to develop retail and marketing strategies with vending machines.  However, such studies have overlooked evolutional dynamism in vending machine retailing and consumer behaviors in the global markets. We found that the current movements in vending machine retailing in USA and Japan could be well explained by various theories of evolutional dynamism.  We also found that such movements could be powerful enough to create new ways and environments of vending machine retailing in the countries.  We could observe abrupt and drastic changes to destabilize current environments, specify elements of vending machine retailing with variety of degrees of path dependence, and draw a possible crossvergence transition to, at least, Sub-P-equilibrium. 

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/bms.v2i1.559

Copyright (c) 2011 Hideki Takei

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Business Management and Strategy  ISSN 2157-6068

Copyright © Macrothink Institute 

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

If you have any questions, please contact bms@macrothink.org.