Strategies to Create Polite Expressions in Indonesian Communication

I Nyoman Kardana, Made Sri Satyawati, I Gusti Ngurah Adi Rajistha


Indonesian is the national and official language that is widely used in Indonesia archipelago. It is commonly spoken for communication among tribes and for formal situation as well. Indonesian belongs to languages that do not have language-level. However, speakers of this language also want to make their Indonesian communication go on well and harmonically. For this reason, this study aims at finding out the strategies they have to create polite expressions in Indonesian communication. Based on data collected from informants living in Denpasar through observation method completed with interview technique, it was found that there are 5 strategies to create polite expressions when they have communication in Indonesian. The strategies cover (1) the the use of indirect speech act, (2) the use of particular person deixis, (3) the use of proper nouns, (4) the use of formal forms, and (5) the use of particular passive verbs. By those strategies the speakers do not have any problems when they have to use Indonesian in their communication.

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