Measuring Pragmatic Language in Children with Developmental Dysphasia: Comparing Results of Arabic Versions of TOPL-2 and CELF-4 (PP and ORS Subtests)

Ahmed Mohammed Alduais, Rasha Mohammed Shoeib, Fayza Saleh Al Hammadi, Khalid Hassan Al Malki, Farah Hameid Alenezi


The purpose of this research was to compare the results of the Arabic TOPL-2 as a psycholinguistic-marker that measures the ability of individuals with developmental dysphasia DD and the results of both the Pragmatics Profile PP and Observational Rating Scale ORS subtests from CELF-4.
The method was that twenty-seven children and adolescents (F: 13, M: 14) diagnosed with delay language disorder DLD (n: 14), SLI (n: 7), language delay LD (n: 3), hearing impairment HI (n: 2) and mental retardation MR (n: 1) and who were (6-14) years old completed the two tests mentioned above.
The results indicated that while the Arabic TOPL-2 identified 24 of the 27 children and adolescents with developmental dysphasia as pragmatically impaired, the Arabic CELF-4 identified only 22 in the PP and 13 in the ORS.
It was concluded that a significant strength of the TOPL-2 was its measurability compared to the inclusiveness characteristic of CELF-4 subtests. Moreover, the formal battery emphasizes linguistic pragmatics more strongly than the informal battery, which includes linguistic and nonlinguistic pragmatics. 

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